John Frederick Rowbotham (born April 18, 1854 in Bradford , † October 20, 1925 in Sutton Cheney , County Leicestershire ) was a British clergyman, composer and music historian .


Rowbotham was born the son of a pastor from Edinburgh . After attending school in Rossall (County Lancashire ) and the Academy of Edinburgh, he studied at the University of Oxford classical philology and theology . He graduated with honors. He then studied music in Oxford, Berlin – where he attended the Stern Conservatory for three years – Paris , Dresden and Vienna.

He then entered the service of the Church of England . From 1892 Rowbotham was vicar in Ratley , from 1895 in Huntly . From 1896 he was chaplain in Budapest . The following year, he returned to England to become Vicar in Abbotsley , before moving to Sutton Cheney in 1916, where he spent the rest of his life.

After graduation Rowbotham decided to write a comprehensive work in the history of music . Despite its volume of more than 1,500 pages in the first three volumes published, it reached only from the beginning to the 11th century.

Rowbotham left a mass for double choir and orchestra as well as numerous vocal works . He also wrote numerous journal articles and contributions to the Chambers Encyclopaedia . He was one of the first musicologists to systematically study the music of non-European ethnic groups. He thus promoted the emergence of music ethnology . Although after him numerous writings on musical archeology , the music of antiquity and the origin of musical instruments , u. a. By Richard Wallaschek , pursuing other theories, Rowbotham’s publications to the present day form the foundation of the older history of music.

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* German-language Wikipedia text original