Tim Boucher

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Eunomos (Greek mythology, music, insects)

An Ancient Greek myth tells of the cithara player Eunomos (“Mr Goodtune”). During a competition, the highest string on his five-string cithara broke. At that moment, a cicada landed on the musical instrument and sang in the place of the missing string: together, they won the competition.[30]

Source: Insects in mythology – Wikipedia

Doubting Antiquity School (Chinese historiography)

The central tenet of their approach was that the history of Chinese antiquity was created iteratively. Ancient texts have been repeatedly edited, reorganised, tampered with or even completely fabricated, so the historical narrative of antiquity as presented in traditional texts was different at different points of time. As time went on, the history of antiquity became longer and more complicated, characters acquired more features, including more supernatural attributes. This means that it is not always possible to identify the “authentic” version of events from antiquity, only the narrative as stated in a text at a particular time.

Source: Doubting Antiquity School – Wikipedia

Alliterative verse (Poetry)

In prosody, alliterative verse is a form of verse that uses alliteration as the principal ornamental device to help indicate the underlying metrical structure, as opposed to other devices such as rhyme. The most commonly studied traditions of alliterative verse are those found in the oldest literature of the Germanic languages, where scholars use the term ‘alliterative poetry’ rather broadly to indicate a tradition which not only shares alliteration as its primary ornament but also certain metrical characteristics. The Old English epic Beowulf, as well as most other Old English poetry, the Old High German Muspilli, the Old Saxon Heliand, the Old Norse Poetic Edda, and many Middle English poems such as Piers Plowman, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and the Alliterative Morte Arthur all use alliterative verse.[a]

Alliterative verse can be found in many other languages as well. The Finnish Kalevala and the Estonian Kalevipoeg both use alliterative forms derived from folk tradition. Traditional Turkic verse, for example that of the Uyghur, is also alliterative.

Source: Alliterative verse – Wikipedia

Arabic Roots of Rhyme in Western Poetry (Literature)

Classical Greek and Latin poetry did not usually rhyme,[8] but rhyme was used very occasionally. For instance, Catullus includes partial rhymes in the poem Cui dono lepidum novum libellum.[9] The ancient Greeks knew rhyme, and rhymes in The Wasps by Aristophanes are noted by a translator.[10]

Rhyme is central to classical Arabic poetry tracing back to its 6th century pre-Islamic roots. According to some archaic sources, Irish literature introduced the rhyme to Early Medieval Europe, but that is a disputed claim.[11] In the 7th century, the Irish had brought the art of rhyming verses to a high pitch of perfection. The leonine verse is notable for introducing rhyme into High Medieval literature in the 12th century.

Rhyme entered European poetry in the High Middle Ages, in part under the influence of the Arabic language in Al Andalus (modern Spain).[12] Arabic language poets used rhyme extensively from the first development of literary Arabic in the sixth century, as in their long, rhyming qasidas.[13]

Source: Rhyme – Wikipedia

Knockers in the New World (Welsh mythology, mining)

Welsh miners moved to western Pennsylvania in the 1820s. As with any group that moves to a new land, they took their stories of the knockers with them. The miners told their new co-workers tales of stolen tools and helpful warnings.

Cornish miners took the legends to California. Their mining abilities were so sought after that mine owners even paid the boat fare to bring more Cornish miners to the area. Yet the new workers brought demands of their own. They wouldn’t enter new mines unless managers assured them the helpful spirits were present.

Source: Who are the mysterious Knockers of Cornish folklore?

House of Life (Ancient Egypt)

The House of Life was a place in each ancient Egyptian town of size where priests learned to read and write, the place where scribe school was held, and the place where the children of the rich and the elite went to school to learn economics, law, astronomy, geography, mathematics. As well, it was where the interpretation of dreams was taught. The House of Life was not a monastery. It was an educational center. Scholars and students at the House of Life made copies of the Book of Dead and offered these individual sheets for sale to support the center.

Source: Ancient Egypt for Kids – Education, The House of Life – Ancient Egypt for Kids

Kappa (Japanese folklore, monster)

One peculiar trait is that it has a cavity on its head called a sara (“dish”, “bowl”, or “plate”) that retains water or some sort of liquid, which is regarded as the source of the kappa’s power or life force. This cavity must be full whenever a kappa is away from the water; if it ever dries out, or if its water is spilled, kappa loses its power and may even die.[9][10][8]

Source: Kappa (folklore) – Wikipedia

BuzzFeed Unsolved – Supernatural (All Six Seasons)

Direct YouTube playlist URL.

Inner Sound Meditation (Nad Yoga)

Lie on a firm, flat surface with no pillow. Keep the legs straight and uncrossed, and the arms at your side with the palms of the hands turned upward. The body should be as relaxed as possible. It is very important to be in a quiet, dark place and best if practiced at night or in the early morning when the rest of the world is still. If noise is a problem, earplugs may be used.

With the eyes and the mouth closed (this is important), turn all your attention to the inside of your head, and begin to listen carefully. Concentrate on the right side of the head, near the inner ear. There will be a sound of some sort. Perhaps you will hear a light ringing sound, a soft buzzing sound, or something akin to a faint rumble. Listen as closely as possible to whatever sound it is that you are hearing, with absolute attention—as though you were trying to hear someone in another room who is speaking in a whisper.

As you listen, the sound you her will grow louder, and you will start to hear other sounds. In fact, so many sounds may start to swell at once that the original sound may be lost. As the sounds become louder, focus your attention on just one, as if you were trying to single out one instrument in a symphony. Concentrate intently on that one sound. It will become louder and louder, and you may in time experience the sensation of having your whole body resonate with that sound. As you listen the sound may stop and turn into something else—more refined and vibrant. Go with that, and by all means keep the attention as focused as possible.

There are many sounds you may hear; bells, flutes, falling water, the sound of the ocean, the singing of birds, and more.

Source: Nad Yoga: Sound Current Meditation | Medicine Hunter

Nadabindu Upanishad (Hindu scripture)

A yogin, at the start of his practice, concentrates in the inner side of right ear from inside and, hears many sounds proceeding from those like an ocean and clouds( It is said that this starts from sounds of crickets and other familiar sounds and at higher levels it is Sounds of flute, cymbals and Cloud thunder).[28][4] These filter out, and over time, he can hear more subtle sounds such as single note of musical instruments at his will, and get absorbed in whichever sound note it wants to, asserts the text.[29][4] This focus on sound notes help the yogi destroy distractions from other senses and fluctuations of his mind, just like a bee focussed on honey does not care about the odour that surrounds it.[22][4] Such a yogi does not care about fame or disgrace from others, he does not feel heat or cold, neither joy nor sorrow, he is lost within, in his self, in Brahman-Pranava (Om).[4][30]

Source: Nadabindu Upanishad – Wikipedia

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