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Scota (Scottish myth & legend)

Scota, in Scottish mythology, and pseudohistory, is the name given to the mythological daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh to whom the Gaels and Scots traced their ancestry. Scota first appeared in literature from the 11th or 12th century and most modern scholars interpret the legends surrounding her to have emerged to rival Geoffrey of Monmouth’s claims that the descendants of Brutus (through Albanactus) founded Scotland.[5][6] However some early Irish sources also refer to the Scota legends and not all scholars regard the legends as fabrications or as political constructions.[7] In the Scottish origin myths, Albanactus had little place and Scottish chroniclers (e.g., John of Fordun and Walter Bower) claimed that Scota was the eponymous founder of Scotland and the Scots long before Albanactus, during the time of Moses.

Source: List of legendary kings of Britain – Wikipedia


Petrosomatoglyph (Mythology, geology)


Brut Chronicle (English history, medieval)


  1. Tim B.

    “Scota and Scotia are the names given to the mythological daughters of two different Egyptian pharaohs in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology and pseudohistory.[1] Though legends vary, all agree that a Scota was the ancestor of the Gaels, who traced their ancestry to Irish invaders, called Scotti, who settled in Argyll and Caledonia, regions which later came to be known as Scotland after their founder. “

  2. Tim B.

    “A variant myth in the Lebor Gabála Érenn states that there was another Scota. She was the daughter of an Egyptian pharaoh named Cingris, a name found only in Irish legend. She married Niul, son of Fénius Farsaid. Niul was a Babylonian who traveled to Scythia after the collapse of the Tower of Babel. He was a scholar of languages and was invited by the Pharaoh to Egypt to take Scota’s hand in marriage. Scota and Nuil had a son, Goídel Glas, the eponymous ancestor of the Gaels, who created the Gaelic language by combining the best features of the 72 languages then in existence. “

  3. Tim B.

    “Scotia’s Grave (Irish: Gleann Scoṫín, lit. ‘Glen of Scotia’) is an area just south of Tralee in County Kerry beside the Finglas rivulet in Trughanacmy. It marks what is reputed to be the grave of Scotia, a daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh known as Friel.[1][better source needed] The traditional name of the location is Glenn Scoithin, ‘vale of the little flower’ or ‘wee blossom.’ “Scoithín” is the diminutive of “Scoṫ,” (the ‘t’ may be aspirated as ṫ). Scotland’s name comes from the Irish language, and refers to the Irish colonists that brought Gaelic culture there. The Irish called themselves “Scots” or “the people of the Princess Scotia, per their ethnogenesis mythology. Other names the Irish used for themselves include Milesians and Gael. According to Keating’s Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, the woman’s name Scotia ultimately means “blossom” (“scoṫ” or “scoth” meaning “blossom” and “Scoṫín” or “Scothín” meaning “wee blossom”).[2] “

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