The Hyksos brought several technical innovations to Egypt, as well as cultural imports such as new musical instruments and foreign loanwords.[9] The changes introduced include new techniques of bronze-working and pottery, new breeds of animals, and new crops.[9] In warfare, they introduced the horse and chariot,[10] the composite bow, improved battle axes, and advanced fortification techniques.[9] These cultural advances received from the Hyksos became a decisive factor in Egypt’s later success in building an empire in the Middle East during the New Kingdom.[9]

Source: Hyksos – Wikipedia