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Dakota people (Sioux language)

The Eastern and Western Dakota are two of the three groupings belonging to the Sioux nation (also called Dakota in a broad sense), the third being the Lakota (Thítȟuŋwaŋ or Teton). The three groupings speak dialects that are still relatively mutually intelligible. This is referred to as a common language, Dakota-Lakota, or Sioux.[4]

Source: Dakota people – Wikipedia

Unhcegila (Lakota mythology, serpent)

She was described at first as having no real shape or form; she had eyes of fire, and a fanged mouth that was shrouded in a smoky or cloudy mass. As time went on further, her form was exposed as being massive, with a long scaly body whose natural armor was almost impenetrable. Her eyes burned with wrathful hunger, her claws were like iron, and her voice raged like thunder rolling in the clouds.

Whoever looked upon her will become blind or go insane.[3]

Her weakness is a seventh spot on her torso, behind of which her heart lies within, which burned fierily. To kill her, one has to shoot a medicine arrow at it.[3]

Source: Unhcegila – Wikipedia

Abzu (Mesopotamian religion)

Abzu or Apsu […] is the name for fresh water from underground aquifers which was given a religious fertilising quality in Sumerian and Akkadian mythology. Lakes, springs, rivers, wells, and other sources of fresh water were thought to draw their water from the abzu. In this respect, in Sumerian and Akkadian mythology it referred to the primeval sea below the void space of the underworld (Kur) and the earth (Ma) above.

Source: Abzu – Wikipedia

Onna-bugeisha (Feudal Japan, warfare)

In The Tale of the Heike, written at the beginning of 14th century, she was described:

… especially beautiful, with white skin, long hair, and charming features. She was also a remarkably strong archer, and as a swords-woman she was a warrior worth a thousand, ready to confront a demon or a god, mounted or on foot. She handled unbroken horses with superb skill; she rode unscathed down perilous descents. Whenever a battle was imminent, Yoshinaka sent her out as his first captain, equipped with strong armor, an oversized sword, and a mighty bow; and she performed more deeds of valor than any of his other warriors.[3]

Source: Onna-bugeisha – Wikipedia

Saint George and the Dragon (Golden Legend, Silene)

Saint George by chance arrived at the spot. The princess tried to send him away, but he vowed to remain. The dragon emerged from the pond while they were conversing. Saint George made the Sign of the Cross and charged it on horseback, seriously wounding it with his lance.[a] He then called to the princess to throw him her girdle (zona), and he put it around the dragon’s neck. When she did so, the dragon followed the girl like a “meek beast” on a leash.[b]

Source: Saint George and the Dragon – Wikipedia

Swanhilde & Wayland the Smith (Swan maidens, folklore)

The stories of Wayland the Smith describe him as falling in love with Swanhilde, a Swan Maiden, who is the daughter of a marriage between a mortal woman and a fairy king, who forbids his wife to ask about his origins; on her asking him he vanishes. Swanhilde and her sisters are however able to fly as swans. But wounded by a spear, Swanhilde falls to earth and is rescued by the master-craftsman Wieland, and marries him, putting aside her wings and her magic ring of power. Wieland’s enemies, the Neidings, under Princess Bathilde, steal the ring, kidnap Swanhilde and destroy Wieland’s home. When Wieland searches for Swanhilde, they entrap and cripple him. However he fashions wings for himself and escapes with Swanhilde as the house of the Neidings is destroyed.

Source: Swan maiden – Wikipedia

Peter and the Wolf (Music composition, performance directions)

Each character of this tale is represented by a corresponding instrument in the orchestra: the bird by a flute, the duck by an oboe, the cat by a clarinet playing staccato in a low register, the grandfather by a bassoon, the wolf by three horns, Peter by the string quartet, the shooting of the hunters by the kettle drums and bass drum. Before an orchestral performance it is desirable to show these instruments to the children and to play on them the corresponding leitmotivs. Thereby, the children learn to distinguish the sounds of the instruments during the performance of this tale.[9]

Source: Peter and the Wolf – Wikipedia

Quibble (Agreement, fictional plot device) – Wikipedia

In terms of fiction, a quibble is a plot device, used to fulfill the exact verbal conditions of an agreement in order to avoid the intended meaning. Typically quibbles are used in legal bargains and, in fantasy, magically enforced ones.

Source: Quibble (plot device) – Wikipedia

Red junglefowl & Ecological disturbance

Red junglefowl prefer disturbed habitats and edges, both natural and human-created. Apparently the forage [12][13][8], and thick cover in these sorts of areas are attractive to junglefowl, especially nesting females [14]. Junglefowl use logged and regenerating forests [15] and often are found near human settlement [16] and areas regenerating from slash-and-burn cultivation [8]. Areas burned to promote bamboo growth also attract junglefowl because bamboo seeds are more accessible [13][14].

Source: Red junglefowl – Wikipedia

Ekpe (Secret society, Nigeria)

The society combines a kind of freemasonry with political and law enforcing aims. For instance any member wronged in an Ekpe district, that is one dominated by the society, has only to address an Ekpe-man or beat the Ekpe drum in the Ekpe-house, or blow Ekpe as it is called, i.e., sound the Ekpe horn, before the hut of the wrong-doer, and the whole machinery of the society is put in force to see justice done.[1]

Source: Ekpe – Wikipedia

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