Tim Boucher

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History of the Phoenicians

Late Bronze Age collapse

According to Robert Drews:

“Within a period of forty to fifty years at the end of the thirteenth and the beginning of the twelfth century almost every significant city in the eastern Mediterranean world was destroyed, many of them never to be occupied again.[5]”

Source: Late Bronze Age collapse – Wikipedia

Hyksos Innovations

The Hyksos brought several technical innovations to Egypt, as well as cultural imports such as new musical instruments and foreign loanwords.[9] The changes introduced include new techniques of bronze-working and pottery, new breeds of animals, and new crops.[9] In warfare, they introduced the horse and chariot,[10] the composite bow, improved battle axes, and advanced fortification techniques.[9] These cultural advances received from the Hyksos became a decisive factor in Egypt’s later success in building an empire in the Middle East during the New Kingdom.[9]

Source: Hyksos – Wikipedia

Archipelagic state

Archipelagic states are states that are composed of groups of islands forming a state as a single unit, with the islands and the waters within the baselines as internal waters. Under this concept (“archipelagic doctrine”), an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, and are subject to its exclusive sovereignty.

Source: Archipelagic state – Wikipedia

Maritime republics & colonies

…Thousands of Italians from the maritime republics poured into the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea, creating bases, ports and commercial establishments known as “colonies”. These were small gated enclaves within a city, often just a single street, where the laws of the Italian city were administered by a governor appointed from home, and there would be a church under home jurisdiction and shops with Italian styles of food. These Italian mercantile centers also exerted significant political influence

Source: Maritime republics – Wikipedia

Etymology of Kremel

The word Krem-el is derived from the Ancient Proto-Kremellian term for citadel, reflecting the stonework fortification around which the larger City of Kremel formed, and for which the surrounding principality was named, as well as the peninsula as a whole. The term is also less commonly used to indicate the Wall of Kremel which separated the south-east portion of that lush province from the harsh desert and its roving denizens beyond.

Source: The Five Kingdoms of Kremel – Quatria – Medium

Terra firma

Continental land, as distinguished from islands.

Source: terra firma – Wiktionary

Thalassocracy: Sea Power

a state with primarily maritime realms, an empire at sea (such as the Phoenician network of merchant cities) or a seaborne empire.[1] Traditional thalassocracies seldom dominate interiors, even in their home territories. Examples of this are Phoenician Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage, or Srivijaya and Majapahit in Southeast Asia.

Source: Thalassocracy – Wikipedia

The Elven Star

The heptagram is known among neopagans as the Elven Star or Fairy Star. It is treated as a sacred symbol in various modern pagan and witchcraft traditions. Blue Star Wicca also uses the symbol, where it is referred to as a septagram. The second heptagram is a symbol of magical power in some pagan spiritualities.

Source: Heptagram – Wikipedia

Hapgood’s Piri Reis Theory

Professor Hapgood and his students theorized that the Piri Reis map had to have been based on information older than 4,000 BCE. This is long before any known sophisticated civilizations or any well-defined languages; the map introduces the theory of an ancient civilization that had the skills to navigate the world’s oceans, and accurately chart the lands they visited.

Source: The baffling Piri Reis Map of 1513: It showed Antarctica centuries before discovery, but without its ice cap

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